Monday, June 12, 2006

This week we will start with Progressivism and end with the New Deal

and we will follow a number of important links beween these two eras as we begin with Theodore Roosevelt and end with his fifth cousin, Franklin Delano Roosevelt.

For our class of tomorrow, June 12, recall the political, economic, and social problems and issues that arose out of the transformations we examined last week: incorporation, industrialization, and urbanization.
  • displacement of artisans and skilled workers
  • grueling, dangerous working conditions
  • labor resistance & strikes
  • concentration of wealth and political power
  • corruption at all levels of government
  • slums, disease, inadequate or poor city services
We will also discuss immigration, one of the most significant topics in U.S. history, focusing on the "New Immigration" (1880 - 1920), the various reasons why people migrated to the United States, patterns of settlement and adjustment to American life, and the response of native-born Americans (nativism, anti-immigrant organizations, and federal immigration laws).

As you are reading Chapter 21 in Out of Many, pay close attention to:
  • The people: Who are the "Progressives?" Who are some of the leading figures?
  • What issues and problems are Progressives concerned about?
  • What are their influences and methods?
See especially p. 565 and the chart titled, "Currents of Progressivism."

In reading Chapter 22 about World War I, note how U.S. involvement and mobilization for the war drew upon Progressive ideas about the role of the federal government in organizing and regulating industrial production. The authors also point out that Woodrow Wilson believed that the U.S. "must actively use its enormous moral and material power to create the new order" of the postwar world (Out of Many, p. 592), reflecting Progressive ideals about U.S. democracy and civilization. How did the war impact America and Americans?


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